Diabetes develops when your blood sugar, or glucose, levels are too high. Food provides the
majority of your body’s energy in the form of blood glucose. Glucose from meals is transported into cells by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin deficiency or insulin insensitivity may lead to a variety of health problems. Therefore, glucose remains in your circulation and is not transported to your cells.
Having too much glucose in your blood might lead to health issues in the long run. You can remain healthy even if you don’t have a cure for diabetes.
Diabetes is often referred to as “a little sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” Although these words may imply that a person may not have diabetes or has a less severe condition, all cases of diabetes are life-threatening.
Fruits and vegetables may be used to monitor diabetes
More than 110 million individuals in the United States have diabetes or are at risk of developing the illness, and many more people who care for them are also affected by the condition.
Many types of diabetes exist
Diabetic complications include type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as gestational diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetics with type 1 diabetes don’t manufacture insulin on their own, hence they need insulin injections. Your immune system targets and destroys insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. It is most common among children and young people, although it may impact anybody at any moment in their lives, regardless of age. Diabetics with type 1 diabetes need daily insulin injections to be healthy.
People with type 2 diabetes have a decreased ability to produce and utilize insulin. It is possible for type 2 diabetes to develop at any time in one’s life. Those who are middle-aged or older are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease.
Does Diabetes Affect Pregnant Woman?
Some women acquire gestational diabetes during pregnancy. After having a kid, this kind of diabetes normally goes away on its own. If you’ve experienced gestational diabetes, your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes are up. If you are pregnant, you could think you have type 1 diabetes, but you really have type 2 diabetes.
A third of the American population has prediabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Eight out of 10 of them are completely unaware of it. Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is not yet warranted because of higher blood sugar levels. With prediabetes, you are more likely to have heart disease and have a stroke than someone who does not have diabetes. Prediabetes patients may benefit from a CDC-recognized program for a lifestyle change.
What Is the Current Diabetes Rate in the United States?
Diabetes affected 30.3 million Americans in 2015 or 9.4% of the country’s total population. They didn’t seem aware they had the condition in more than one in four cases. One out of every four adults over the age of 65 is affected by the disease of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects adults an estimated 90 to 95 percent of the time. 1
Type 2 Diabetes Is More Likely to Strike Those Who Are Overweight or Obese
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you age, if you have a family history of diabetes, or if you are obese. There are other factors that might increase your risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes besides physical inactivity, race, and certain health conditions, such as high blood pressure. If you have prediabetes or have gestational diabetes while pregnant, you are also more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes later in life. Find out more about the dangers of developing type 2 diabetes.
One of the most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes is a rapid onset of high blood sugar levels. For this reason, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends screening standards for various kinds of diabetes and prediabetes. Those who are at risk for diabetes should be tested by the American Diabetes Association.
No matter how old you are, if your BMI is greater than 25, you are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially if you have a family history of the disease, have elevated blood pressure or abnormal cholesterol levels, are overweight, or have an Asian American family history of the disease.
- A first blood sugar check should be performed on anybody above the age of 45, and then every three years afterward if the findings are normal.
- Screening for diabetes is recommended for women who have had gestational diabetes.
- Individuals diagnosed with prediabetes should have their blood sugar levels checked at least once each year.
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, as Well as Prediabetes, Are All Detected by These Tests
Glucose Tolerance (a1c) Test
Blood sugar levels may be estimated using this simple test that doesn’t involve fasting. Hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells) attachment % is measured.
The more sugar you have connected to your hemoglobin, the higher your blood sugar levels will be. If your A1C result is 6.5% or greater on two independent tests, you have diabetes, according to this rule. Prediabetes is diagnosed when the A1C level is between 5.7 and 6.4 percent higher than the normal range. The normal range is 5.7 to 5.7.
For more details and information you can ask your questions at Chicago Clinical Research Institute Inc.